Discussion: Dualism in Science and Spirituality
Throughout your readings this week, Dr. Sharpe has raised the notion of “dualism,” in which two concepts are set in contrast with one another with great emphasis placed on their differences. Dr. Sharpe offers four examples of contemporary theorists whose work illuminates the challenges inherent in dualistic thinking. In Arthur Peacocke and John Bowker’s work, Dr. Sharpe shows how the authors maintain the dualisms that exist between scientific and religious traditions. Then, he contrasts this with the work of Phil Hefner and Ted Peters, two theorists who attempt to reconcile scientific and spiritual perspectives into a single, comprehensive whole.
To prepare for this Discussion:
- Review this week’s readings in Chapter 6, Interlude 2, and Interlude 3, which focus on on evolutionary psychology and the dualisms about Science and Religion that are inherent in many modern world views.
- Look at several articles on the Counterbalance Foundation website for additional information on current debates between the scientific and religious communities.
- Listen to the Radio Laureate Interview with Dr. Kevin Sharpe: “Monisms and Dualisms.”
- Reflect on some of your own beliefs about the universe and consider the possible dualisms that may have influenced your world view.
- Ask yourself how your personal life experiences have shaped your view of Science and Religion as either separate entities or two sides of the same coin.
With these thoughts in mind:
By Day 3
Post a 2- to 3-paragraph response explaining whether or not you believe science and spirituality will always have a dualistic relationship. Support your assertions by making at least 2 references, in proper APA format, to your course readings and from your own knowledge and experience.
Be sure to support your ideas by connecting them to the week’s Learning Resources, or something you have read, heard, seen, or experienced.
Read a selection of your colleagues’ postings.
By Day 5
Respond to at least one of your colleagues’ postings in one or more of the following ways:
- Ask a probing question.
- Share an insight from having read your colleague’s posting.
- Offer and support an opinion.
- Validate an idea with your own experience.
- Make a suggestion.
- Expand on your colleague’s posting.
Return to this Discussion in a few days to read the responses to your initial posting. Note what you have learned and/or any insights you have gained as a result of the comments your colleagues made.