ES 110 – Earth & Astronomical Science Homework #7 Part 2

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Question 1

  1. The outermost layer of the Sun is called the ____________
ionosphere
corona
photosphere
chromosphere

Question 2

  1. During periods of high solar activity, huge cloudlike structures that appear as great arches extending from the Sun are often produced.  These solar features are called_________.
the solar wind
spicules
plages
prominences

Question 3

  1. True or False:  For an optical telescope, the size of the primary mirror does not matter.  The same number of photons will be collected whether the telescope has a  small or large primary mirror.

True

False

Question 4

  1. The main two methods of heat/energy transfer within the Sun are _________ and __________.
convection and radiation
conduction and radiation
convection and conduction
convection and ionizing

Question 5

  1. The CCD (charged-coupled device) is a(n):
array of electrodes used on spacecraft to detect charged particles such as electrons and protons
detector in which a small electric current is controlled by a bimetallic strip that expands and contracts in response to infrared radiation
array of small light-sensitive cells that can be used in place of photographic film to obtain a picture
electronic filter to single out one wavelength or set of wavelengths for studying astronomical objects

Question 6

  1. Which of the following statements is TRUE?
Visible light is not part of the electromagnetic spectrum
Visible light takes up only a very small part of the total range of wavelengths in the electromagnetic spectrum
Visible light takes up most (but not all) of the total range of wavelengths in the electromagnetic spectrum
Visible light takes up all of the electromagnetic spectrum

Question 7

  1. How come we can see a ‘surface’ of the sun if it is really just a ball of gas?  Why don’t we see right through the Sun?
The gas particles are too big, they have large diameters
The gas particles are heavy
The gas particles are packed very dense in the Sun
The gas particles  put on their cloaking devices.

Question 8

  1. Where on the Sun do sunspots occur?
the photosphere
the corona
the core
the chromosphere

Question 9

  1. Light can be described as a stream of fast-moving “bundles of energy” called ___________, which travel as waves.

Question 10

  1. You can get a sunburn from being out in the Sun too long.  Sunburns are caused by which type of heat/energy transfer from the Sun to your Skin?
Sunburn Waves
Conduction Waves
Radiation Waves
Convection Waves

Question 11

  1. True or False:  All light waves travel at the same speed

True

False

Question 12

  1. Sunspots appear dark because they are cooler than the surrounding solar surface.

True

False

Question 13

  1. The layer of the Sun that radiates most of the light that reaches Earth is called the___________.
photosphere
corona
ionosphere
megasphere
chromosphere

Question 14

  1. The main optical element in a refracting telescope is a ______.
mirror
combination of many small plane mirrors
prism of glass
lens

Question 15

  1. Which of the following colors has the longest wavelength?
orange
green
violet
blue
red

Question 16

  1. To determine whether a celestial body is approaching or receding from Earth, astronomers employ ____________.
Telescopic imaging
the Doppler principle
Einstein’s equation
Kepler’s first law
the Stefan-Boltzmann law

Question 17

  1. This Sun is composed almost entirely of two gases.  They are Blank 1 and Blank 2.

Question 18

  1. The light-gathering power of a telescope is related directly to the _______.
focal length of the mirror or lens
area of the mirror or lens
image quality of its optics
length of the telescope tube

Question 19

  1. Which of the following is NOT considered a form of electromagentic radiation?
radio waves
gamma rays
gravity
visible light
x-rays

Question 20

  1. The Sun’s surface has a grainy texture produced by numerous bright markings called__________.
umbras
spicules
granules
sunspots

Question 21

  1. The Sun’s source of energy at the present time is thought to be
gravitational contraction.
thermonuclear fission (splitting) of heavy elements into hydrogen.
chemical burning of hydrogen gas with oxygen.
thermonuclear fusion (combining) of hydrogen atoms.

Question 22

  1. In the case of light, when a source is moving away, its light appears redder than it actually is.

True

False

Question 23

  1. What name is given to the visible “surface” of the Sun?
corona
prominence
chromosphere
photosphere

Question 24

  1. Which of the following is FALSE regarding our Sun
The Sun is  normal, main sequence star
The Sun is the closest Star to Earth
The Sun used fusion to fuel itself
The Sun is smaller in diameter than Jupiter, the largest planet in our Solar System

Question 25

  1. The Hubble Space Telescope (HST) is an optical telescope

True

False

 

Description

Question 1

  1. The outermost layer of the Sun is called the ____________
ionosphere
corona
photosphere
chromosphere

Question 2

  1. During periods of high solar activity, huge cloudlike structures that appear as great arches extending from the Sun are often produced.  These solar features are called_________.
the solar wind
spicules
plages
prominences

Question 3

  1. True or False:  For an optical telescope, the size of the primary mirror does not matter.  The same number of photons will be collected whether the telescope has a  small or large primary mirror.

True

False

Question 4

  1. The main two methods of heat/energy transfer within the Sun are _________ and __________.
convection and radiation
conduction and radiation
convection and conduction
convection and ionizing

Question 5

  1. The CCD (charged-coupled device) is a(n):
array of electrodes used on spacecraft to detect charged particles such as electrons and protons
detector in which a small electric current is controlled by a bimetallic strip that expands and contracts in response to infrared radiation
array of small light-sensitive cells that can be used in place of photographic film to obtain a picture
electronic filter to single out one wavelength or set of wavelengths for studying astronomical objects

Question 6

  1. Which of the following statements is TRUE?
Visible light is not part of the electromagnetic spectrum
Visible light takes up only a very small part of the total range of wavelengths in the electromagnetic spectrum
Visible light takes up most (but not all) of the total range of wavelengths in the electromagnetic spectrum
Visible light takes up all of the electromagnetic spectrum

Question 7

  1. How come we can see a ‘surface’ of the sun if it is really just a ball of gas?  Why don’t we see right through the Sun?
The gas particles are too big, they have large diameters
The gas particles are heavy
The gas particles are packed very dense in the Sun
The gas particles  put on their cloaking devices.

Question 8

  1. Where on the Sun do sunspots occur?
the photosphere
the corona
the core
the chromosphere

Question 9

  1. Light can be described as a stream of fast-moving “bundles of energy” called ___________, which travel as waves.

Question 10

  1. You can get a sunburn from being out in the Sun too long.  Sunburns are caused by which type of heat/energy transfer from the Sun to your Skin?
Sunburn Waves
Conduction Waves
Radiation Waves
Convection Waves

Question 11

  1. True or False:  All light waves travel at the same speed

True

False

Question 12

  1. Sunspots appear dark because they are cooler than the surrounding solar surface.

True

False

Question 13

  1. The layer of the Sun that radiates most of the light that reaches Earth is called the___________.
photosphere
corona
ionosphere
megasphere
chromosphere

Question 14

  1. The main optical element in a refracting telescope is a ______.
mirror
combination of many small plane mirrors
prism of glass
lens

Question 15

  1. Which of the following colors has the longest wavelength?
orange
green
violet
blue
red

Question 16

  1. To determine whether a celestial body is approaching or receding from Earth, astronomers employ ____________.
Telescopic imaging
the Doppler principle
Einstein’s equation
Kepler’s first law
the Stefan-Boltzmann law

Question 17

  1. This Sun is composed almost entirely of two gases.  They are Blank 1 and Blank 2.

Question 18

  1. The light-gathering power of a telescope is related directly to the _______.
focal length of the mirror or lens
area of the mirror or lens
image quality of its optics
length of the telescope tube

Question 19

  1. Which of the following is NOT considered a form of electromagentic radiation?
radio waves
gamma rays
gravity
visible light
x-rays

Question 20

  1. The Sun’s surface has a grainy texture produced by numerous bright markings called__________.
umbras
spicules
granules
sunspots

Question 21

  1. The Sun’s source of energy at the present time is thought to be
gravitational contraction.
thermonuclear fission (splitting) of heavy elements into hydrogen.
chemical burning of hydrogen gas with oxygen.
thermonuclear fusion (combining) of hydrogen atoms.

Question 22

  1. In the case of light, when a source is moving away, its light appears redder than it actually is.

True

False

Question 23

  1. What name is given to the visible “surface” of the Sun?
corona
prominence
chromosphere
photosphere

Question 24

  1. Which of the following is FALSE regarding our Sun
The Sun is  normal, main sequence star
The Sun is the closest Star to Earth
The Sun used fusion to fuel itself
The Sun is smaller in diameter than Jupiter, the largest planet in our Solar System

Question 25

  1. The Hubble Space Telescope (HST) is an optical telescope

True

False

 

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