Adv IP Psychology V13 Module 03 Journal

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Module 03 Journal

 

(Go to FILE, select DOWNLOAD AS, then pick the format you want to use. You will be typing your responses to these questions and submitting for the 3.00 Journal assignment.)

Be sure that you’re accessing the 4th edition of the textbook. To maintain Academic Integrity and maximize your learning, each response needs to be in complete sentence form and in your own words – copying/pasting from the textbook or another source could result in negative consequences.

**Note- questions that are in BOLD are frequently tested concepts on the AP Exam

Section 3.01 Sensation: Do you Feel it?

Pages 98-102

1. What is sensation?  
2. Explain the process of transduction and how sensory receptors are impacted by stimuli.  
3. Explain the ideas of Difference Threshold and Absolute Threshold.  

Concept Difference Threshold Absolute Threshold
Researcher    
Summary    
Pg. 101
4. Explain habituation and how it’s different from sensory adaptation.  

Habituation: Example:
Sensory Adaptation: Example:
Optional Notes Section:  

 

 

 

 

Section 3.02 Vision & Hearing

Pages 104-116

5. Explain the properties of light waves.
  1. Brightness
  2. Color (hue)
  3. Saturation
Pg. 104
6. Explain the purpose of these eye structures:
  1. Cornea
  2. Iris
  3. Pupil
  4. Lens
  5. Retina
    1. Rods & Cones
      1. Fovea
    2. Bipolar cells
    3. Ganglion cells
  6. Optic nerve
Pg. 106
7. Explain how dark adaptation and light adaptation works.  
8. Explain the trichromatic theory.  
9. Explain the opponent-process theory.  
10. How is an afterimage related to the opponent process theory?  
11. Explain how color blindness is caused.  
12. Describe sound waves and their properties.
  1. Wavelength-
  2. Amplitude-
  3. Timbre-
Wavelength and Amplitude as related to vision and hearing
13. Explain the function of these ear structures:
  1. Outer Ear
    1. Pinna
    2. Auditory Canal
  2. Middle Ear
    1. Hammer
    2. Anvil
    3. Stirrup
  3. Inner Ear
    1. Cochlea
      1. Basilar membrane
      2. Organ of Corti
    2. Auditory Nerve
14. Compare the 3 theories for the brain interpreting pitch of a sound.  

Place theory Frequency theory Volley Theory
     
15. Explain the differences in the two type of hearing impairments.  

Type Cause Treatment
Conduction hearing loss    
Nerve hearing impairment    
Optional Notes Section:  

 

 

 

 

Please take the reading comprehension quiz on 3.01 & 3.02 and type your quiz score here: (Your Score Here)

 

Section 3.03 Other Senses: I Got a Feeling!

Pages 117-125

16. Explain how our sense of taste (gustation) is developed.  
17. Identify the 5 basic tastes.  
18. Explain how our sense of smell works.
  1. Olfactory receptor cells-

**Unlike other senses, the signals sent from olfactory receptors bypass the ____________ and go directly to cortical areas for processing information.

 

  1. Olfactory bulbs-
19. Explain the different forms of somesthetic senses.
  1. Skin senses:
  2. Kinesthetic sense (Additional info on pg.123):
  3. Vestibular sense  (Additional info on pg.124):
20. List the types of information received by receptors in your skin layers.  
21.. Explain Gate-Control Theory.  
22. Explain the roles of Substance P and endorphins.
  1. Substance P:
  2. Endorphins:
23. Explain Sensory conflict theory.  
Optional Notes Section:  

 

 

 

 

Section 3.04 Perception: Do you See what I See?

Pages 126-141

24. Explain the phenomena of the Cocktail Party effect and give an example from our life.
  1. Definition-
  2. Example-
25. Complete the chart by providing explanation for Perceptual Constancies.  

Size constancy  
Shape constancy  
Brightness constancy  
26. Explain Gestalt Grouping Relationships.  

Figure-ground  
Proximity  
Similarity  
Closure  
Continuity  
Contiguity  
Pg. 128
27. Summarize the Visual Cliff Experiment. Summary:

 

28. Explain depth perception with Monocular cues.  

Cue Explanation
Linear perspective  
Relative size  
Overlap/ Interposition  
Aerial perspective  
Texture gradient  
Motion parallax  
29. Explain visual accommodation.  
30. Explain depth perception with Binocular cues.
  1. Convergence:
  2. Binocular disparity:
31. Explain the various perceptual illusions:

 

REALLY cool video on perception:

CLICK HERE

 

Hermann grid:
Muller-Lyer:
Moon Illusion:
Stroboscopic motion:  
Phi phenomenon:  
32. Explain perceptual set or perceptual expectancy.  
33. Explain the difference between top-down and bottom-up processing.  
Optional Notes Section:  

 

 

 

 

Please take the reading comprehension quiz on 3.03 & 3.04 and type your quiz score here: (Your Score Here)

 

Section 3.05 Consciousness, Sleep & Dreams: Daydream Believer

Pages 142-162

34. How is consciousness explained by a cognitive neuroscience perspective?  
35. Identify examples of altered states of consciousness.  
36. What are circadian rhythms?  
37. What role do the hypothalamus and neurotransmitters play in the sleep process? Highlight all relevant vocabulary as it is used in your explanation.  
38. Explain the importance of sleep and the dangers of not sleeping (highlight the relevant vocabulary as it is used).  
39. Explain the theories of sleep.
  1. Adaptive theory of sleep
  2. Restorative theory of sleep
Pg. 151
40. Explain the stages of sleep.
  1. nREM:
    1. Stage 1:
    2. Stage 2:
    3. Stage 3 & 4:
  2. REM:
Sleep Cycle diagram
41. What is the REM rebound?  
42. Complete the chart to the right by providing symptoms for sleep disorders.  

Disorder Summary of symptoms
Nightmares  
REM behavior disorder  
Night terrors  
Sleepwalking  
Insomnia  
Sleep apnea  
Narcolepsy  
Pg. 157
43. Compare theories for why we dream.  

Freudian Theory Activation Synthesis Hypothesis AIM Model
Summary:

 

Manifest content:

 

Latent content:

   
Optional Notes Section:  

 

 

 

 

Please take the reading comprehension quiz on 3.05 and type your quiz score here: (Your Score Here)

 

Section 3.06 Altered States of Consciousness

Pages 162-165

Pg. 164
44. Explain the dissociation theory of hypnosis.  
45. Explain the social-cognitive theory of hypnosis.  
Optional Notes Section:  

 

 

 

 

Section 3.07 Psychoactive Drugs: Taking a Virtual Trip

Pages 167-179

46. Explain psychoactive drugs and what they can alter.  
47. Explain physical dependence (highlight relevant vocabulary as it is used).  
48. Explain how withdrawal serves as an example of negative reinforcement.  
49. Explain psychological dependence (highlight relevant vocabulary as it is used).  
50. Complete the organizer with information being requested.  

Category Impact on the body Specific related drugs
Stimulants    
Depressants    
Hallucinogens    
Optional Notes Section:  

 

 

 

 

 

 

Description

Module 03 Journal

 

(Go to FILE, select DOWNLOAD AS, then pick the format you want to use. You will be typing your responses to these questions and submitting for the 3.00 Journal assignment.)

Be sure that you’re accessing the 4th edition of the textbook. To maintain Academic Integrity and maximize your learning, each response needs to be in complete sentence form and in your own words – copying/pasting from the textbook or another source could result in negative consequences.

**Note- questions that are in BOLD are frequently tested concepts on the AP Exam

Section 3.01 Sensation: Do you Feel it?

Pages 98-102

1. What is sensation?  
2. Explain the process of transduction and how sensory receptors are impacted by stimuli.  
3. Explain the ideas of Difference Threshold and Absolute Threshold.  

Concept Difference Threshold Absolute Threshold
Researcher    
Summary    
Pg. 101
4. Explain habituation and how it’s different from sensory adaptation.  

Habituation: Example:
Sensory Adaptation: Example:
Optional Notes Section:  

 

 

 

 

Section 3.02 Vision & Hearing

Pages 104-116

5. Explain the properties of light waves.
  1. Brightness
  2. Color (hue)
  3. Saturation
Pg. 104
6. Explain the purpose of these eye structures:
  1. Cornea
  2. Iris
  3. Pupil
  4. Lens
  5. Retina
    1. Rods & Cones
      1. Fovea
    2. Bipolar cells
    3. Ganglion cells
  6. Optic nerve
Pg. 106
7. Explain how dark adaptation and light adaptation works.  
8. Explain the trichromatic theory.  
9. Explain the opponent-process theory.  
10. How is an afterimage related to the opponent process theory?  
11. Explain how color blindness is caused.  
12. Describe sound waves and their properties.
  1. Wavelength-
  2. Amplitude-
  3. Timbre-
Wavelength and Amplitude as related to vision and hearing
13. Explain the function of these ear structures:
  1. Outer Ear
    1. Pinna
    2. Auditory Canal
  2. Middle Ear
    1. Hammer
    2. Anvil
    3. Stirrup
  3. Inner Ear
    1. Cochlea
      1. Basilar membrane
      2. Organ of Corti
    2. Auditory Nerve
14. Compare the 3 theories for the brain interpreting pitch of a sound.  

Place theory Frequency theory Volley Theory
     
15. Explain the differences in the two type of hearing impairments.  

Type Cause Treatment
Conduction hearing loss    
Nerve hearing impairment    
Optional Notes Section:  

 

 

 

 

Please take the reading comprehension quiz on 3.01 & 3.02 and type your quiz score here: (Your Score Here)

 

Section 3.03 Other Senses: I Got a Feeling!

Pages 117-125

16. Explain how our sense of taste (gustation) is developed.  
17. Identify the 5 basic tastes.  
18. Explain how our sense of smell works.
  1. Olfactory receptor cells-

**Unlike other senses, the signals sent from olfactory receptors bypass the ____________ and go directly to cortical areas for processing information.

 

  1. Olfactory bulbs-
19. Explain the different forms of somesthetic senses.
  1. Skin senses:
  2. Kinesthetic sense (Additional info on pg.123):
  3. Vestibular sense  (Additional info on pg.124):
20. List the types of information received by receptors in your skin layers.  
21.. Explain Gate-Control Theory.  
22. Explain the roles of Substance P and endorphins.
  1. Substance P:
  2. Endorphins:
23. Explain Sensory conflict theory.  
Optional Notes Section:  

 

 

 

 

Section 3.04 Perception: Do you See what I See?

Pages 126-141

24. Explain the phenomena of the Cocktail Party effect and give an example from our life.
  1. Definition-
  2. Example-
25. Complete the chart by providing explanation for Perceptual Constancies.  

Size constancy  
Shape constancy  
Brightness constancy  
26. Explain Gestalt Grouping Relationships.  

Figure-ground  
Proximity  
Similarity  
Closure  
Continuity  
Contiguity  
Pg. 128
27. Summarize the Visual Cliff Experiment. Summary:

 

28. Explain depth perception with Monocular cues.  

Cue Explanation
Linear perspective  
Relative size  
Overlap/ Interposition  
Aerial perspective  
Texture gradient  
Motion parallax  
29. Explain visual accommodation.  
30. Explain depth perception with Binocular cues.
  1. Convergence:
  2. Binocular disparity:
31. Explain the various perceptual illusions:

 

REALLY cool video on perception:

CLICK HERE

 

Hermann grid:
Muller-Lyer:
Moon Illusion:
Stroboscopic motion:  
Phi phenomenon:  
32. Explain perceptual set or perceptual expectancy.  
33. Explain the difference between top-down and bottom-up processing.  
Optional Notes Section:  

 

 

 

 

Please take the reading comprehension quiz on 3.03 & 3.04 and type your quiz score here: (Your Score Here)

 

Section 3.05 Consciousness, Sleep & Dreams: Daydream Believer

Pages 142-162

34. How is consciousness explained by a cognitive neuroscience perspective?  
35. Identify examples of altered states of consciousness.  
36. What are circadian rhythms?  
37. What role do the hypothalamus and neurotransmitters play in the sleep process? Highlight all relevant vocabulary as it is used in your explanation.  
38. Explain the importance of sleep and the dangers of not sleeping (highlight the relevant vocabulary as it is used).  
39. Explain the theories of sleep.
  1. Adaptive theory of sleep
  2. Restorative theory of sleep
Pg. 151
40. Explain the stages of sleep.
  1. nREM:
    1. Stage 1:
    2. Stage 2:
    3. Stage 3 & 4:
  2. REM:
Sleep Cycle diagram
41. What is the REM rebound?  
42. Complete the chart to the right by providing symptoms for sleep disorders.  

Disorder Summary of symptoms
Nightmares  
REM behavior disorder  
Night terrors  
Sleepwalking  
Insomnia  
Sleep apnea  
Narcolepsy  
Pg. 157
43. Compare theories for why we dream.  

Freudian Theory Activation Synthesis Hypothesis AIM Model
Summary:

 

Manifest content:

 

Latent content:

   
Optional Notes Section:  

 

 

 

 

Please take the reading comprehension quiz on 3.05 and type your quiz score here: (Your Score Here)

 

Section 3.06 Altered States of Consciousness

Pages 162-165

Pg. 164
44. Explain the dissociation theory of hypnosis.  
45. Explain the social-cognitive theory of hypnosis.  
Optional Notes Section:  

 

 

 

 

Section 3.07 Psychoactive Drugs: Taking a Virtual Trip

Pages 167-179

46. Explain psychoactive drugs and what they can alter.  
47. Explain physical dependence (highlight relevant vocabulary as it is used).  
48. Explain how withdrawal serves as an example of negative reinforcement.  
49. Explain psychological dependence (highlight relevant vocabulary as it is used).  
50. Complete the organizer with information being requested.  

Category Impact on the body Specific related drugs
Stimulants    
Depressants    
Hallucinogens    
Optional Notes Section:  

 

 

 

 

 

 

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